Exercise 3

Fill in the gaps with question words.

1 A: do you live? B: In a small town near here.

2 A: was at the party? B: Frederick, Leslie, and some other friends.

3 A: did you say to Laura? B: Nothing.

4 box do you prefer, the small one or the big one?

5 A: do you go out? B: Every Saturday.

6 A: are you going to visit me? B: Next Sunday.

7 A: didn't you tell me anything? B: Because I was afraid.

8 A: sugar do you want in your coffee? B: Two spoonfuls, please.

9 A: shall we meet? B: At 7?

10 A: is she going to stay? B: Just a couple of days.


 

 

Question order – grammar chart

 
Word order in questions

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Questions in general

 
If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb. In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word.
 

Questions with be as the main verb

 
When be is the main verb, it is used as the Auxiliary in the question, and then we don’t have a Main verb after the Subject.
 

Auxiliary verbs

 
In the position of Auxiliary, we can use be, do, have or any modal verb: can, could, will, would, should, etc.

Have is only an auxiliary verb in the form have got and in the present perfect.

  • Have you got any brothers or sisters?
  • What have you cooked for lunch?

For other uses of have, we need an auxiliary verb (do, did) for questions.

  • What time did you have dinner yesterday? (NOT had you dinner)
  • Do you have to do it now? (NOT Have you to do it)

Have got only has a present form. It does not have a past form.

  • Did you have many toys when you were a child? (NOT Had you got many toys when you were a child?)

 

Question words

 
Question words - Wh- words

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how much

 
We can use how much to ask about the price of something.

  • How much is the jacket?

 

how + adjective

 
We can use how + adjective (any adjective) as a question word.

  • How tall are you?
  • How fast is your car?

 

which vs what

 
We can use which + noun, and we can also use what + noun. We use which when there are a small number of possible answers. Look at the difference:

  • Which car do you like, the red or the blue? (there is a small number of possible answers)
  • What car have you got?’ ‘A Mercedes.’ (many possible answers)