Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Present simple forms of ‘to be’ – am/is/are
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • Present simple forms of ‘to be’ – am/is/are

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct present simple forms of ‘to be’ for the gaps below.

    1 A: you a teacher? B: Yes, I .

    2 A: your name Marcus? B: Yes, it .

    3 A: your children here? B: No, they .

    4 A: this your suitcase? B: No, it .

    5 A: Where we? B: I think this Oxford street.

    6 A: it Saturday today? B: No, It Sunday.

    7 A: your friends from the UK? B: No, from the US.

    8 A: Hello, Maria. How you? B: fine, thanks.

    9 A: How old Peter? B: I think 30 years old.

    10 A: David and Molly here? B: Yes, next to the door.


  • The present simple of be – FORM

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    The present simple of the verb be has three forms:

    • am.
    • He/She/It is.
    • We/You/They are.


    They= people and things

    We use he for a man, she for a woman, and it for a thing.

    • He‘s a little boy. 
    • She‘s beautiful. 
    • I like this TV. It‘s very big. 

    We use they for people and for things.

    • I love Sara and Jonas. They are my friends.
    • I love these chairs. They are very beautiful.


    Don’t forget the subject

    We always need a subject before the verb.

    • It is cold.
    • Is cold.
    • Sally is a wonderful woman.
    • Is a wonderful woman.


    Contractions or short forms

    We use ‘m, ‘s and ‘re with personal pronouns (I, you, he, etc.)

    • I’m sad.
    • You’re tired.
    • She’s from Scotland.

    But we can also use ‘s with names.

    • Laura’s beautiful.
    • London’s an expensive city. 


    Contractions in short answers

    We can only use contractions in negative short answers. Not in positive short answers.

    • Yes, I am.
    • Yes, I’m.
    • Yes, she is.
    • Yes, she’s.
    • Yes, they are.
    • Yes, they’re.


    The present simple of be – USE

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    We use the verb be to talk about:

    • Who we are: I‘m Steven, and this is Isabella. And this is my daughter, Alicia.
    • Age: I‘m 24 years old, and my father is 50. 
    • Job: I‘m a teacher, and my wife is a doctor. 
    • Nationality: Alex is from Ireland, and Sonia is from Spain.
    • Feelings: I‘m scared. She is very tired. 
    • ColourOur dog is black. His eyes are blue.
    • Prices: It‘s seven pounds. This T-shirt is twenty dollars.  
    • The weather: It‘s sunny today. It is very cold this morning. 
    • The time: What time is it? It‘s ten past four. 
    • Descriptions in general: He is very short and thin. The cars are old and cheap. 
  • We are working on this!

    We're developing a NEW LEARNING PLATFORM with a subscription plan that includes additional features at an affordable price. One of those features will be PDF downloads.

    Learn more!

  • Our Books

    Test-English is delighted to announce our new pdf books.

    Learn more!