Exercise 1

Choose the correct present simple forms of ‘to be’ to for the gaps below.

1A: you a teacher? B: Yes, I .

2A: your name Marcus? B: Yes, it .

3A: your children here? B: No, they .

4A: this your suitcase? B: No, it .

5A: Where we? B: I think this Oxford street.

6A: it Saturday today? B: No, It Sunday.

7A: your friends from the UK? B: No, from the US.

8A: Hello, Maria. How you? B: fine, thanks.

9A: How old Peter? B: I think 30 years old.

10A: David and Molly here? B: Yes, next to the door.



be – present simple form

Present simple of 'be' – form

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they= people and things

We use he for a man, she for a woman, and it for a thing.

  • He‘s a little boy. 
  • She‘s beautiful. 
  • I like this TV. It‘s very big. 

We use they for people and for things.

  • I love Sara and Jonas. They are my friends.
  • I love these chairs. They are very beautiful.


Don’t forget the subject

We always need a subject before the verb.

  • It is cold. (NOT Is cold.)
  • Sally is a wonderful woman. (NOT Is a wonderful woman.)


Contractions or short forms

We use ‘m, ‘s and ‘re with personal pronouns (I, you, he, etc.)

  • I’m sad.
  • You’re tired.
  • She’s from Scotland.

But we can also use ‘s with names.

  • Laura’s beautiful.
  • London’s an expensive city. 


Contractions in short answers

We can only use contractions in negative short answers. Not in positive short answers.

  • Yes, I am. (NOT Yes, I’m.)
  • Yes, she is. (NOT Yes, she’s.)
  • Yes, they are. (NOT Yes, they’re.)


be – present simple use

The different uses of the verb 'to be'

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We use the verb be to talk about:

  • Who we are: I‘m Steven, and this is Isabella. And this is my daughter, Alicia.
  • Age: I‘m 24 years old, and my father is 50. 
  • Job: I‘m a teacher, and my wife is a doctor. 
  • Nationality: Alex is from Ireland, and Sonia is from Spain.
  • Feelings: I‘m scared. She is very tired. 
  • ColourOur dog is black. His eyes are blue.
  • Prices: It‘s seven pounds. This T-shirt is twenty dollars.  
  • The weather: It‘s sunny today. It is very cold this morning. 
  • The time: What time is it? It‘s ten past four. 
  • Descriptions in general: He is very short and thin. The cars are old and cheap.