Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Present simple forms of ‘to be’ – am/is/are » Page 2
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  • Present simple forms of ‘to be’ – am/is/are

    Exercise 2

    Rewrite the sentences using the short forms of be.

    EXAMPLE: They are good friends ⇒ They’re good friends.

    1 She is fantastic ⇒ fantastic.

    2 We are in Spain ⇒ in Spain.

    3 You are not my friend ⇒ You my friend.

    4 Sheila is from Brighton. ⇒ from Brighton.

    5 The chairs are not expensive. ⇒ The chairs expensive.

    6 I am not British ⇒ British.

    7 Clara is a good student. ⇒ a good student.

    8 You are great. ⇒ great.

    9 They are my friends. ⇒ my friends.

    10 He is not angry. ⇒ He angry.


  • The present simple form of be

    Present simple of 'be' – form

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    The present simple of the verb be has three forms:

    • am.
    • He/She/It is.
    • We/You/They are.


    they= people and things

    We use he for a man, she for a woman, and it for a thing.

    • He‘s a little boy. 
    • She‘s beautiful. 
    • I like this TV. It‘s very big. 

    We use they for people and for things.

    • I love Sara and Jonas. They are my friends.
    • I love these chairs. They are very beautiful.


    Don’t forget the subject

    We always need a subject before the verb.

    • It is cold. (NOT Is cold.)
    • Sally is a wonderful woman. (NOT Is a wonderful woman.)


    Contractions or short forms

    We use ‘m, ‘s and ‘re with personal pronouns (I, you, he, etc.)

    • I’m sad.
    • You’re tired.
    • She’s from Scotland.

    But we can also use ‘s with names.

    • Laura’s beautiful.
    • London’s an expensive city. 


    Contractions in short answers

    We can only use contractions in negative short answers. Not in positive short answers.

    • Yes, I am. (NOT Yes, I’m.)
    • Yes, she is. (NOT Yes, she’s.)
    • Yes, they are. (NOT Yes, they’re.)


    be – present simple use

    The different uses of the verb 'to be'

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    We use the verb be to talk about:

    • Who we are: I‘m Steven, and this is Isabella. And this is my daughter, Alicia.
    • Age: I‘m 24 years old, and my father is 50. 
    • Job: I‘m a teacher, and my wife is a doctor. 
    • Nationality: Alex is from Ireland, and Sonia is from Spain.
    • Feelings: I‘m scared. She is very tired. 
    • ColourOur dog is black. His eyes are blue.
    • Prices: It‘s seven pounds. This T-shirt is twenty dollars.  
    • The weather: It‘s sunny today. It is very cold this morning. 
    • The time: What time is it? It‘s ten past four. 
    • Descriptions in general: He is very short and thin. The cars are old and cheap. 


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