Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » ‘Will’ and ‘shall’ – Future
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • Will and shall – Future

    Exercise 1

    Complete the sentences with I will (I’ll), Shall I or Shall we.

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    1 A: I'm hungry. B: _____ make some bacon and eggs.
    2 I hope _____ see you again one day.
    3 A: _____ go to a restaurant tonight? B: Yes. That's a great idea.
    4 I don't think _____ go out this weekend. I'm very tired.
    5 _____ always love you.


  • Will – Form

    will – form

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    Will is an auxiliary verb. This means that:

    • we use will + infinitive: I‘ll be (or will be) at home next Saturday. 
    • will has a negative form: I won’t be (or will not be) at home next Saturday. 
    • we put will before the subject in questions: Will you be at home next Saturday?
    • we use will in short answers: Yes, I will. / No, I won’t (or No, I will not).


    Will – Use

    We use will to talk about things that we think will happen in the future.

    • He will love your new coat. 
    • They won’t win this match. 

    Note that it’s common to use will with the expressions I think, I don’t think, I hope, etc. or also with I’m sure, I’m not sure, perhaps, etc.

    • I hope they will arrive soon. 
    • I don’t think they‘ll win.
    • I’m sure you‘ll be fine. 
    • Perhaps I‘ll be late. 

    We use will for promises or refusals.

    • I will lend her the money.
    • I won’t help you. 

    We use will when we make decisions at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

    • A: There’s no milk in the fridge. B: I’ll go to the shop to buy some more. 
    • A: This box is very heavy. B: Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 


    Shall I…? Shall we…?

    We use Shall I…? or I’ll when we offer to do things for other people.

    • Shall I make some coffee?
    • (=Do you want me to make coffee?)

    • I‘ll make some coffee.

    We use Shall we…? to suggest doing something.

    • Shall we go to the cinema? (=Do you want to go to the cinema?)
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