Grammar » A2 Grammar lessons and exercises » ‘Will’ vs ‘be going to’ – Future forms
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  • Will vs be going to – Future forms

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct forms of will and be going to to complete the sentences below.

    1A: We don’t have any bread.     B: I know. I some. I took some money from your purse.

    2A: We don’t have any bread.     B: Really? I some from the shop then.

    3A: Why do you need to borrow my suitcase?     B: Because I my mother in Scotland next month.

    4A: I’m really cold.     B: I the heating on.

    5A: What are your plans after you leave university?     B: I in a hospital in Africa.

    6A: All the lights have gone off!     B: Don't worry. I a look.

    7A: Why are you carrying your laptop?     B: I some homework on the train.

    8A: I can't find my keys.     B: I you look for them.

    9A: Did you remember to buy the tickets?     B: Oh no, I forgot! I them online now.

    10If you take a look at this graphic, you can see that the economy worse very soon.


     

  • Will vs be going to – Grammar chart

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    Predictions

    Use will to talk about something that you think will happen.

    • I think he’ll win the election.
    • He will be a good doctor.

    Use be going to to talk about something that you see is going to happen (there is present evidence).

    • Don’t drive like a crazy man. We’re going to have an accident!
    • The doctor said I’m going to have a girl.

    Sometimes there’s little difference between will  and be going to for predictions. Compare:

    • The conference starts in 10 minutes. We are going to be late. (=I can see that we cannot be at the conference in 10 minutes)
    • We need to hurry up. We’ll be late for the conference. (=I think we will be late)

     

    Decisions

    Use will for decisions that you take at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

    • ‘Oh, we don’t have sugar.’ ‘Don’t worry, I’ll buy some.’

    Use be going to for decisions that you have already taken at the moment of speaking (intentions or plans).

    • ‘Why are you undressing?’ ‘Because I’m going to go for a swim.’

    Compare these two sentences:

    • ‘Sarah said she needs to talk to you.’ ‘Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll call her in a minute.’ (=I took the decision while having this conversation.)
    • ‘Sarah said she needs to talk to you.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call her in a minute.‘ (=I took the decision before having this conversation.)
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