Grammar » A2 Grammar lessons and exercises » ‘Will’ vs ‘be going to’ – Future forms » Page 3
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  • Will vs be going to – Future forms

    Exercise 3

    Fill in the gaps with the forms of will and be going to of the verbs in brackets.

    1 A: Have you decided what to do with the washing machine?      B: Yes, I (buy) a new one.

    2 A: That glass is dirty.     B: No problem. I (clean) it.

    3 A: Why are you taking the camera?     B: I (take) a picture of the sunset.

    4 Please, slow down. Are you crazy? We (have) an accident!

    5 You look tired. Sit down, and I (make) you a cup of tea.

    6 Do you think he (ask) her out?

    7 Do you think you (arrive) before she arrives?

    8 He  (not run) the marathon. He says he needs more training.

    9 It looks delicious! We (enjoy) this meal so much!

    10 A: I want coffee, but I don't have coins for the vending machine.     B: No problem. I (buy) you a coffee.


     

  • Will vs be going to – Grammar chart

    Grammar comparison chart contrasting 'WILL' and 'BE GOING TO' for future forms, highlighting their forms, usage, and meaning, with example sentences for predictions and decisions.

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    Predictions

    Use will to talk about something that you think will happen.

    • I think he’ll win the election.
    • He will be a good doctor.

    Use be going to to talk about something that you see is going to happen (there is present evidence).

    • Don’t drive like a crazy man. We’re going to have an accident!
    • The doctor said I’m going to have a girl.

    Sometimes, there’s little difference between will and be going to for predictions. Compare:

    • The conference starts in 10 minutes. We are going to be late. (=I can see that we cannot be at the conference in 10 minutes)
    • We need to hurry up. We’ll be late for the conference. (=I think we will be late)

    Decisions

    Use will for decisions that you take at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

    • ‘Oh, we don’t have sugar.’ ‘Don’t worry, I’ll buy some.’

    Use be going to for decisions that you have already taken at the moment of speaking (intentions or plans).

    • ‘Why are you undressing?’ ‘Because I’m going to go for a swim.’

    Compare these two sentences:

    • ‘Sarah said she needs to talk to you.’ ‘Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll call her in a minute.’ (=I took the decision while having this conversation.)
    • ‘Sarah said she needs to talk to you.’ ‘Yes, I know. I’m going to call her in a minute.‘ (=I took the decision before having this conversation.)
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