Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Questions – word order and question words
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  • Questions – word order and question words

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct questions.

    Page 1 of 2

    1 _____ to the gym?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    2 _____ ?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    3 _____ ?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    4 _____?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    5 _____?
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

     

  • Word order in present simple questions

    The order of words in an English question in present simple is QWASI: (Question Word) + Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive.

    • What do you do?
    • Where do they live?

    In Yes-No questions (questions that we answer saying yes or no) there is NO Question Word.

    • Do you speak English?
    • Does she live here?

    The auxiliary verb in present simple is be or do/does. Below, you can see a grammar chart on the order of words in present simple questions with be or do/does.

    Grammar chart for A1 elementary English learners showing the word order of Present Simple questions with 'be' and 'do', including question words, auxiliary verbs, subjects, and main verbs.

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    Questions with am/is/are

    When the verb in the sentence is be, we use am/is/are as the auxiliary verb before the subject. Then the word order is QWAS: (Question Word) + Auxiliary (am/is/are) + Subject

    Questions with do/does

    When we have a verb that is not be, we use do/does as the auxiliary verb.
    We use does with he/she/it and do with I/you/we/they. Remember that the main verb after the subject is in the infinitive form (NOT -s or -es).

    • What does she do? blank
    • What does she does? blank
    • Where does he work? blank
    • Where does he works? blank

    Question words – Grammar chart

    Educational chart for A1 elementary English learners displaying different question words such as 'who', 'where', 'when', 'why', 'what', 'how', including example dialogues for each.

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    What + noun

    We often use the question word what + noun as a question word: what time, what colour, what size, etc.

    • What colour is your jacket?
    • What size do you want?
    • What car does he have?

    How + adjective/adverb

    We can also use how + adjective/adverb as a question word in phrases like how often, how old, how tall, etc.

    • How fast is your car?
    • How big is her house?
    • How often do you play sports?
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