Exercise 2

Complete the sentences with the correct question word.

what     what time     where (x2)     when     why     who     how (x2)     how old     how often

EXAMPLE: ‘What do you have for breakfast?’ ‘A sandwich.’

1 ' do you buy your vegetables?' 'In the market.'

2 ' is your father?' 'He's 57.'

3 ' are you in the library?' 'Because I have an exam and I need to study.'

4 ' do you have your exam?' 'Next Monday.'

5 ' do they have their breakfast?' 'At 7.'

6 ' do you call when you need help?' 'Peter.'

7 ' does John call you?' 'Every day.'

8 ' do you go to work?' 'By bus.'

9 ' tall is Ronny?' 'He's six feet tall.'

10 ' do you spend your holidays?' 'We always go to a little village near the sea.'


 

 

Word order in present simple questions

 
The order of words in an English question in present simple is: QWASI: (Question Word) + Auxiliary + Subject + Infinitive.

  • What do you do?
  • Where do they live?

In Yes-No questions (questions that we answer saying yes or no) there is NO Question Word.

  • Do you speak English?
  • Does she live here?

The auxiliary verb in present simple is be or do/does. Below you can see a grammar chart on the order of words in present simple questions with be or do/does.
 
Present simple questions _ question order

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Questions with am/is/are

 
When the verb in the sentence is be, we use am/is/are as the auxiliary verb before the subject. Then the word order is QWAS: (Question Word) + Auxiliary (am/is/are) + Subject
 

Questions with do/does

 
When we have a verb that is not be, we use do/does as the auxiliary verb.
 
We use does with he/she/it and do with I/you/we/they. Remember that the main verb after the subject is in the infinitive form (NO -s or -es).

  • What does she do(NOT What does she does?)
  • Where does he work ? (NOT Where does she works?)

 

Question words – grammar chart

 
Question words

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What + noun

 
We often use the question word what + noun as a question word: what time, what colour, what size, etc.

  • What colour is your jacket?
  • What size do you want?
  • What car does he have?

 

How + adjective/adverb

 
We can also use how + adjective/adverb  as a question word in phrases like how often, how old, how tall, etc.

  • How fast is your car?
  • How big is her house?
  • How often do you play sports?