Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Can, can’t – ability, possibility, permission
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  • Can, can’t – ability, possibility, permission

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct option to complete the sentences.

    1 ask you a question?

    2 I . The music is too loud.

    3 'Can you play the piano?' 'Yes, I .'

    4 He four languages.

    5 He says that he me.

    6 a ham and cheese pizza, please?

    7 'Can I smoke here?' 'No, you .'

    8 We use our phones in class.

    9 He my car if he needs it.

    10 the window, please?


  • Can, can’t – grammar chart

    can, can't – ability, possibility, permission

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    Can, can’t – form

    Infinitive without to

    We use caninfinitive without to.

    • I can swim(NOT I can to swim.)
    • We can’t come. (NOT We can’t to come.)

    No -s after he/she/it

    We don’t add -s after he/she/it. We use can for all persons.

    • He can swim. (NOT He cans swim).

    No do/don’t

    Can is an auxiliary verb and has a negative and interrogative form. We don’t use do/don’t to make questions and negatives.

    • Can you swim? (NOT Do you can swim?)
    • He can’t swim. (NOT He don’t can swim.)

    Can, can’t – use


    We use can/can’t to talk about ability in the present (=things that we know how to do).

    • Laura can sing very well. 
    • I can’t speak German. 


    We use can/can’t to ask for permission or to say if something is possible or not.

    • Can I sit here?
    • You can’t vote if you aren’t 18 years old. 
    • I’m sorry but I can’t come to the party. 

    Ask for something

    We use can/can’t to ask for something and to order in bars, restaurants, shops, etc.

    • Can you lend me some money?
    • Can I have some water, please?
    • Can I have a burger and a soda?
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