Exercise 3

Rewrite the sentences using thethe… comparatives.

 
EXAMPLE: If we start soon, we’ll finish soon. ⇒ The sooner we start, the sooner we’ll finish.

1 The food I like best is spicy food.

the food, I like it.

2 I like the lessons more if there are few students.

 students, I like the lessons.

3 If I read a lot, I learn a lot.

I read, .

4 If I speak good English, I’ll have more opportunities.

 I speak,  opportunities I'll have.

5 If I walk for a long time, I can get further.

I walk,  I can get.

6 Older people become wiser.

 people are, .

7 If you save more money, you can buy a new car soon.

you save,  you can buy a car.

8 If you give a lot you will receive more.

you will receive.

9 If I work a lot, I have no time.

I work,  I have.

10 If there’s a lot of unemployment, the situation gets worse.

there is,  gets.


 

 

the … the … comparatives

 

Comparative adjective or adverb

 
We can repeat the structure: the + comparative + subject + verb to mean that one thing depends on another or that two variable quantities are related.

  • The healthier you eat, the better you feel. 
  • The harder he works, the more stressed he is. 

Note that when we have the verb be in this structure, we can omit it.

  • The longer the wait, the more agitated the people become. 
  • =The longer the wait is, the more agitated the people become. 

 

the more/the less + noun

 
You can also use a noun in the same structure instead of an adjective or adverb.

  •  The more exercise you do, the fitter you get.
  • The less carbohydrates you consume, the healthier you will be.

 

the more/the less + clause

 
Or you can use the more/the less + subject + verb instead of using an adjective or noun.

  • The more you read, the wiser you get. 
  • The more you know, the less you need to say. 

 

the … the better

 
We can use the structure the + comparative adjective, the better to express preference in relation to the quantity or quality of something.

  • Please, call me soon. The sooner, the better
  • A: ‘Isn’t this fridge too big?’   B: ‘No, the bigger, the better.’