Exercise 1

Choose the correct option to complete the sentences below.

Hi Suzan,

I'm having a wonderful time in Los Angeles. The weather is 1  and drier 2  in England and Americans are friendlier than 3 . The food is better here; it's not the same 4  the food in England at all! From all the countries I've been to, I think English food is the 5  pleasant. It's awful. Yesterday I had the best hamburger I’ve 6  eaten!

The hotel is beautiful. I think it’s not as 7  the hotel we stayed in New York, but it's 8  comfortable. They say that Los Angeles is one of the most expensive cities 9 the world, but actually, I'm not spending 10  money as I thought. I’ll phone you when I get back.




Comparative and superlative adjectives

Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs

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The comparative form

We use the comparative form of the adjective to compare two things.

  • White meat is healthier than red meat.
  • Travelling by bus is more comfortable than travelling by train.


less … than

We can also use the form less + adjective + thanLess is the opposite of more.

  • Peter is less considerate than Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)


(not) as … as

We can also use the form (not) as + adjective + as.

  • Peter isn’t as considerate as Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)


than me / than I am

After than or as … as we use an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.) or a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, etc.) + auxiliary verb.

  • My sister is taller than me.
  • My sister is taller than I am.


much/a lot/a bit more…

Before the comparative (more or -er) we can use much, a lot or a bit.

  • He’s a bit taller than me.
  • Florence is much more interesting than Pisa.
  • This car is a lot more expensive.


any/no more than

We can use any/no + comparative (any better, no faster, any more expensive, etc.). We use any in negative sentences and no with positive verbs.

  • Your performance was no better than mine. 
  • Your performance wasn’t any better than mine. 


Superlative adjectives

We use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb to compare more than two things.

the most … in …

After the superlative we use in + names of places or singular words for groups of people (class, school, team, family, etc.)

  • She is the best student in the class.
  • He’s the tallest in the family.
  • Messi is the best player in the world. (NOT of the class, etc.)

We normally use of + periods of time or a number of people (of the year, of my life, of my brothers, of the students, etc.).

  • It was the best evening of my life
  • I am the tallest of my brothers.


the most … I have ever …

We often use the superlative with the present perfect tense and ever.

  • This is the best movie I’ve ever watched.
  • She is the most beautiful woman I have ever seen.


the/my/Tom’s best …

Before the superlative we always use the, or my/your/his/etc. or Tom’s/Jenny’s/etc.)

  • He is the best.
  • This is my most expensive jacket.
  • This is Paul’s best friend.


the least

The opposite of the most is the least

  • He is the least hardworking student in the class.


Comparing actions with adverbs

We can use the comparative or superlative form of adverbs to compare actions.

  • She drives fast, but I drive faster.
  • He plays well, but I play better than him.

With adverbs ending in –ly, you must always use more to form the comparative, and most to form the superlative

  • She speaks more quietly than her boss. (NOT quietlier)
  • He cooks well, but more slowly than his workmates. (NOT slowlier)

For adverbs that that have the same form as adjectives, the comparative and superlative forms are like adjectives: add –er to form the comparative and –est to form the superlative. The most common of these adverbs are: late-later, early-earlier, fast-faster, hard-harder, long-longer.

  • He works harder than me.
  • She always arrives earlier than her boss.
  • It took us longer than usual to arrive because of the traffic.