Exercise 3

Complete the sentences with the comparative or superlative forms of the words in brackets.

1 This exam was  (easy) than the exam in May.

2 You should drive (slowly) or you'll have an accident.

3 My new home is (near) from work than the old one.

4 The test wasn't as (difficult) as I thought.

5 This is the (far) place I've ever travelled to.

6 You look much (thin) than the last time I saw you.

7 My new computer is a bit (good) than the old one.

8 September is the (busy) month of the year for us.

9 There are (few) people today because it's been raining a lot.

10 The  (tricky) part of the exam was the listening.


 

 

Comparative and superlative adjectives

 
Comparative and superlative adjectives and adverbs

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The comparative form

 
We use the comparative form of the adjective to compare two things.

  • White meat is healthier than red meat.
  • Travelling by bus is more comfortable than travelling by train.

 

less … than

 
We can also use the form less + adjective + thanLess is the opposite of more.

  • Peter is less considerate than Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)

 

(not) as … as

 
We can also use the form (not) as + adjective + as.

  • Peter isn’t as considerate as Marta. (=Marta is more considerate)

 

than me / than I am

 
After than or as … as we use an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.) or a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, etc.) + auxiliary verb.

  • My sister is taller than me.
  • My sister is taller than I am.

 

much/a lot/a bit more…

 
Before the comparative (more or -er) we can use much, a lot or a bit.

  • He’s a bit taller than me.
  • Florence is much more interesting than Pisa.
  • This car is a lot more expensive.

 

any/no more than

 
We can use any/no + comparative (any better, no faster, any more expensive, etc.). We use any in negative sentences and no with positive verbs.

  • Your performance was no better than mine. 
  • Your performance wasn’t any better than mine. 

 

Superlative adjectives

 
We use the superlative form of an adjective or adverb to compare more than two things.
 

the most … in …

 
After the superlative we use in + names of places or singular words for groups of people (class, school, team, family, etc.)

  • She is the best student in the class.
  • He’s the tallest in the family.
  • Messi is the best player in the world. (NOT of the class, etc.)

We normally use of + periods of time or a number of people (of the year, of my life, of my brothers, of the students, etc.).

  • It was the best evening of my life
  • I am the tallest of my brothers.

 

the most … I have ever …

 
We often use the superlative with the present perfect tense and ever.

  • This is the best movie I’ve ever watched.
  • She is the most beautiful woman I have ever seen.

 

the/my/Tom’s best …

 
Before the superlative we always use the, or my/your/his/etc. or Tom’s/Jenny’s/etc.)

  • He is the best.
  • This is my most expensive jacket.
  • This is Paul’s best friend.

 

the least

 
The opposite of the most is the least

  • He is the least hardworking student in the class.

 

Comparing actions with adverbs

 
We can use the comparative or superlative form of adverbs to compare actions.

  • She drives fast, but I drive faster.
  • He plays well, but I play better than him.

With adverbs ending in –ly, you must always use more to form the comparative, and most to form the superlative

  • She speaks more quietly than her boss. (NOT quietlier)
  • He cooks well, but more slowly than his workmates. (NOT slowlier)

For adverbs that that have the same form as adjectives, the comparative and superlative forms are like adjectives: add –er to form the comparative and –est to form the superlative. The most common of these adverbs are: late-later, early-earlier, fast-faster, hard-harder, long-longer.

  • He works harder than me.
  • She always arrives earlier than her boss.
  • It took us longer than usual to arrive because of the traffic.