Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Comparative adjectives – older than, more important than, etc.
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  • Comparative adjectives – older than, more important than, etc.

    Exercise 1

    Write the opposite of these adjectives. Use the comparative form of adjectives in the box below.
    bad – big – difficult – expensive – far – fat – happy – hot – old – short

    1younger ⇒

    2colder ⇒

    3better ⇒

    4thinner ⇒

    5cheaper ⇒

    6nearer ⇒

    7sadder ⇒

    8smaller ⇒

    9easier ⇒

    10taller ⇒


     

  • Comparative adjectives

    We use more + adjective + than or adjective + -er than to compare things or people.

    • My car is more expensive than your car. 
    • I am older than my brother. 

    In this chart you can see when we need to use more … than or -er than and the changes in spelling.
     
    Comparative adjectives

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    Two things

    We use the comparative form of an adjective to compare two things.

    • Luke is taller than Mathew.
    • This armchair is more comfortable than the sofa.

    Less … than

    When we compare two things, we can also use the form less + adjective + than (less ≠ more).

    • Peter is less popular than Marta. (= Marta is more popular than Peter.)

    Than me

    If we use a personal pronoun after than we need an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.).

    • My sister is taller than me.
    • His sister is more intelligent than him.

    Much/a bit + more

    Before the comparative (more or –er) we can use much (=big difference) or a bit (=small difference).

    • He’s a bit taller than me.
    • Switzerland is much more expensive than Italy.

     

    Common mistakes!

    More or -er

    We use more or –er, but we cannot use more + -er.

    • My brother is taller than me. (NOT My brother is more taller that me.)

    More than (NOT that)

    After a comparative adjective, we use than and NOT that.

    • My brother is taller than me. (NOT My brother is taller that me.)

    Than + second element of the comparison

    We use than + the second thing that we are comparing. When we don’t mention the second element of the comparison, we do NOT use than.

    • My brother is taller than me.
    • I am tall, but my brother is taller. (NOT my brother is taller than.)
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