Exercise 1

Write the opposite of these adjectives. Use the comparative form of adjectives in the box below.

bad – big – difficult – expensive – far – fat – happy – hot – old – short

1 younger ⇒

2 colder ⇒

3 better ⇒

4 thinner ⇒

5 cheaper ⇒

6 nearer ⇒

7 sadder ⇒

8 smaller ⇒

9 easier ⇒

10 taller ⇒



Comparative adjectives

We use more + adjective + than or adjective + -er than to compare things or people.

  • My car is more expensive than your car. 
  • I am older than my brother. 


Grammar chart

In this chart you can see when we need to use more … than or -er than and the changes in spelling.
Comparative adjectives

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Two things

We use the comparative form of an adjective to compare two things.

  • Luke is taller than Mathew.
  • This armchair is more comfortable than the sofa.


less … than

When we compare two things, we can also use the form less + adjective + than (less ≠ more).

  • Peter is less popular than Marta. (= Marta is more popular than Peter.)


than me

If we use a personal pronoun after than we need an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.).

  • My sister is taller than me.
  • His sister is more intelligent than him.


much/a bit + more

Before the comparative (more or –er) we can use much (=big difference) or a bit (=small difference).

  • He’s a bit taller than me.
  • Switzerland is much more expensive than Italy.


Common mistakes!


more or -er

We use more or –er, but we cannot use more + -er.

  • My brother is taller than me. (NOT My brother is more taller that me.)


more than (NOT that)

After a comparative adjective, we use than and NOT that.

  • My brother is taller than me. (NOT My brother is taller that me.)


than + second element of the comparison

We use than + the second thing that we are comparing. When we don’t mention the second element of the comparison, we do NOT use than.

  • My brother is taller than me.
  • I am tall, but my brother is taller. (NOT my brother is taller than.)