Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » Comparative adjectives – older than, more important than, etc. » Page 2
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  • Comparative adjectives – older than, more important than, etc.

    Exercise 2

    Choose the correct comparative adjectives to complete these sentences.

    Page 1 of 2

    1 My brother is older than _____.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    2 We are better _____.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    3 Travelling by bus is _____ travelling by car.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    4 The last test was more difficult than this test. This test is _____.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    5 This exam was _____ the last one.
    a.
    b.
    c.

     

  • Comparative adjectives

    We use more + adjective + than or adjective + -er than to compare things or people.

    • My car is more expensive than your car. 
    • I am older than my brother. 

    In this chart, you can see when we need to use more … than or -er than and the changes in spelling.

    Grammar chart showcasing the rules for forming comparative adjectives, including one-syllable words with '-er', two-syllable words ending in '-y' changed to '-ier', and irregular adjective forms.

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    Two things

    We use the comparative form of an adjective to compare two things.

    • Luke is taller than Mathew.
    • This armchair is more comfortable than the sofa.

    Less … than

    When we compare two things, we can also use the form less + adjective + than (less ≠ more).

    • Peter is less popular than Marta. (= Marta is more popular than Peter.)

    Than me

    If we use a personal pronoun after than, we need an object pronoun (me, you, him, etc.).

    • My sister is taller than me.
    • His sister is more intelligent than him.

    Much/a bit + more

    Before the comparative (more or –er), we can use much (=big difference) or a bit (=small difference).

    • He’s a bit taller than me.
    • Switzerland is much more expensive than Italy.

     

    Common mistakes!

    More or -er

    We use more or –er, but we cannot use more + -er.

    • My brother is more taller than me. blank
    • My brother is taller than me. blank

    More than (NOT that)

    After a comparative adjective, we use than and NOT that.

    • My brother is taller that me. blank
    • My brother is taller than me. blank

    Than + second element of the comparison

    We use than + the second thing that we are comparing. When we don’t mention the second element of the comparison, we do NOT use than.

    • I am tall, but my brother is taller than. blank
    • I am tall, but my brother is taller. blank
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