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  • First conditional and future time clauses

    Exercise 3

    Complete the following first conditional sentences with the verbs in brackets in the correct form. Use will/won’t in the main clause.

    1 If I get up late, I the bus. (get up/miss)

    2 If I the bus, I late for class. (miss/be)

    3 If I late for class, I the exam. (be/fail)

    4 If I the exam, my parents angry. (fail/be)

    5 If my parents angry, they me a guitar. (be/not buy)

    6 If my parents me a guitar, I able to take guitar lessons. (not buy/not be)

    7 If I guitar lessons, I a musician. (not take/not become).

    8 If I a musician, I to take a different job. (not become/have)

    9 If I to take a different job, I very miserable. (have/be)

    10 If I very miserable, I my life. (be/hate)


     

  • First conditional – Grammar Chart

    First conditional B1

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    If clause and main clause

    All conditional sentences have two parts: the if clause and the main clause. It doesn’t matter which clause comes first, but when the if clause comes first, we should put a comma after it.

    • If it rains, we’ll stay home
    • We’ll stay home if it rains.

    If + present, future

    In the first conditional, the verb in the if clause is present, and the verb in the main clause is future.

    • If you don’t go to sleep, you’ll be very tired tomorrow.

    The if clause may have a present or a future meaning, but the verb is always in the present (NOT future)

    • If you will be a good boy tomorrow, mummy will buy you a present. blank
    • If you are a good boy tomorrow, mummy will buy you a present. blank

    Main clause: will, modal verb, imperative

    In the main clause, we can also use may, might, can, must, should instead of will.

    • If he doesn’t train harder, he may/might lose the championship.
    • If your room is tidy, you can leave.
    • If you want to lose weight, you must/should eat less sugary things.

    We can also use an imperative instead of will.

    • If you arrive after midnight, ring me on my mobile.

    Future time clauses – Grammar Chart

    Future time clauses B1

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    When, as soon as, before, after, until

    When we use a verb after when, as soon as, before, after or until to talk about the future, we have to use this verb in the present tense (NOT future). We use the future in the other part of the sentence.

    • I’ll retire when I will be 70. blank
    • I’ll retire when I‘m 70. blank
    • I won’t call you until I will arrive. blank
    • I won’t call you until I arrive. blank

    Similar to the first conditional

    Future time clauses are similar to the first conditional. There’s a main clause and a when/after/etc. clause. We use the verbs in these clauses like in the first conditional.

    We use a comma when the when/after/etc. clause is at the beginning of the sentence. But we don’t use a comma if the when/after/etc. clause is at the end of the sentence.

    • I’ll retire when I’m 70. 
    • When I’m 70, I’ll retire

    We use the present in the when/after/etc. clause, and we use the future in the main clause.

    • Before you go to sleep, Daddy will tell you a story. 

    In the main clause, we can also use may, might, can, must, should or an imperative instead of will.

    • As soon as you finish, you can leave. 
    • After you arrive, call me.
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