be going to – grammar chart

 
be going to plans predictions

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be going to – form

 
Be going to consists of the present continuous of the verb go (I’m going, you are going, etc.) + to infinitive form of the main verb.
 

When the main verb is go

 
When the  main verb is go, we can exclude it if we want.

  • I’m going shopping this afternoon. (=I’m going to go shopping this afternoon.)
  • We are going to Cyprus next summer. (=We are going to go to Cyprus next summer. )

 

be going to – use

 

Predictions

 
We use be going to to talk about something that we see is going to happen (there is present evidence).

  • Don’t drive like a crazy man. We’re going to have an accident!
  • The doctor said I’m going to have a girl.
  • Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain

 

Intentions or plans

 
We use be going to for intentions or plans (decisions taken before the moment of speaking).

  • ‘Why are you undressing?’ ‘Because I’m going to go for a swim.’
  • We are going to have a drink after work. Do you want to come?

 

Future time expressions

 
We often use be going to with future time expressions (tomorrow, next week, etc.).

  • We are going to play cards tonight
  • She’s going to study biology next year