Exercise 3

Fill in the gaps by turing the verbs in brackets into ed/-ing adjectives.

When I finish work, I'm usually 1 (exhaust) because my job is very 2  (tire). Every day at 6 p.m. I just want to go home, and have a 3  (relax) bath. I love having a bath after work! In the bath I feel very 4  (relax) and I forget about how 5 (bore) my job is.

But I'm retiring next month! So I will not have to worry about my job any more. I am so 6  (excite)! Also, I will never have to talk to my boss any more. He is so 7 (irritate)!

Some people think retirement is a bit 8 (frighten). They say they don't know what they will do after they retire, and they are sometimes scared. I don't understand these people. I think when I retire, I'll never be 9 (bore); I will always have some 10 (entertain) activity to do.



-ed/-ing adjectives

A lot of adjectives are made from verbs by adding –ing or –ed. They are called participial adjectives they take the forms of the present (-ing) and past participle (-ed) of the verb.

-ed adjectives

-ed adjectives are used to describe how we feel. Look at the following examples:

  • We’re tired. Can we stop running?
  • I’m bored. Let’s play cards.
  • I was surprised to see her.


-ing adjectives

-ing adjectives are used to talk about the things that produce these feelings. Check the examples below:

  • Running is very tiring. We don’t want to run.
  • This film is very boring. Let’s play cards.
  • Her visit was very surprising. We weren’t expecting her.


A list of some common adjectives

-ed -ing adjectives