Grammar » B1+ Grammar lessons and exercises » Participles as adjectives (-ed/-ing adjectives)
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • Participles as adjectives (-ed/-ing adjectives)

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct option for each sentence.

    Page 1 of 2

    1 His new girlfriend _______ him to write a new song. His girlfriend was very ______.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    2 We were all ______ because the game was very _______.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    3 Mum _______ me with a cup of chocolate. The chocolate was very ______.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    4 I was rather ________ by what he said. His words were very _______.
    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.
    5 It _______ me to see my marks at the end of every term. They are usually very _______ marks.

    a.
    b.
    c.
    d.

     

  • -ed/-ing adjectives

    Participial adjectives can be distinguished by their endings, either -ed or -ing.  They come from verbs, and they are called participial adjectives because they have the same endings as verb participles.

    Original verbs

    Many verbs that we can use to express feelings or emotions can be turned into adjectives.

    • Walking up the stairs tires me too much. I’ll take the elevator. (from tire ⇒ tired/tiring)
    • You are boring me. Please stop talking. (from bore ⇒ bored/boring)
    • The announcement surprised everyone. (from surprise ⇒ surprised/surprising)

    -ed adjectives

    -ed adjectives are used to describe how people feel. They cannot be used with things because things have no emotions.

    • We’re tired. Can we stop running?
    • I’m bored. Let’s play cards.
    • I was surprised to see her.

    -ing adjectives

    -ing adjectives are used to talk about the things or people that produce those feelings in people.

    • Running is very tiring. We don’t want to run.
    • This film is very boring. Let’s play cards.
    • Her visit was very surprising. We weren’t expecting her.

    Note that a few of these adjectives don’t have an -ing ending; they have an irregular form:

    • offended ⇒ offensive (NOT offending blank)
    • stressed ⇒ stressful (NOT stressing blank)
    • delighted ⇒ delightful
    • impressed ⇒ impressive
    • scared ⇒ scary

    The following are some of the most common verbs expressing feelings and emotions and their present and past participial forms.

    Color-coded chart demonstrating how to form -ed and -ing adjectives from verbs, with three columns showing the base verb, the adjective that describes the feeling it inspires, and the adjective describing how someone feels

  • We are working on this!

    We're developing a NEW LEARNING PLATFORM with a subscription plan that includes additional features at an affordable price. One of those features will be PDF downloads.

    Learn more!

  • Our Books

    Test-English is delighted to announce our new pdf books.

    Learn more!