Exercise 3

Fill in the gaps with the correct infinitive or gerund forms of the verbs in box below.

be     buy     do     eat     go     lock     look     rain     see     travel     work

 
EXAMPLE: It was nice to see her again after so many years.

1 The weather was nice, so I suggested for a walk.

2 I'd prefer in a restaurant today.

3 When it stopped we went for a picnic.

4 a police officer in this city can be very dangerous.

5 I don’t mind long hours because I love my job.

6 We are planning to Australia this summer. We have already saved the money for the trip.

7 I forgot the door when I left home.

8 I’m thinking of for a new job.

9 I went to the greengrocer’s some food.

10 Could you show me how this exercise?


 

 

Gerund

 

We use the gerund (-ing)

 
1 When the verb is the subject of a sentence.

  • Reading on tablets and phones isn’t very good for your eyes.

2 After a preposition.

  • I’m tired of waiting. Let’s go home.

3 After some verbs.

  • I don’t mind waiting.
  • She recommended visiting this museum.

 

Common verbs followed by a gerund

 
Some common verbs that are followed by gerund are: avoid, enjoy, finish, hate, keep, like, love, don’t mind, prefer, recommend, spend time, stop, suggest, etc.
 

Negative gerund

 
The negative form of the gerund is not + -ing.

  • He enjoys not having to wake up early at weekends. 

 

Infinitive without to

 

We use the infinitive without to

 
1 After the auxiliary verb do, does, did in negative sentences and questions.

  • He didn’t say anything. 
  • Does Tim work with you?
  • I don’t believe you. 

2 After modal verbs (will, can, must, should, might, may, etc.)

  • You should come with us.
  • I can’t play the guitar.

 

to + infinitive

 

We use the infinitive with to

 
1 After adjectives.

  • It’s important to arrive early at the station.

2 To express a reason or purpose (why).

  • I went to Madrid to visit some family.
  • I need time to study for the exam.

3 After question words.

  • I don’t know what to eat.
  • I want to learn how to play the guitar.

4 After some verbs.

  • Don’t forget to call me.
  • She seems to be distracted.

 

Common verbs followed by to  + infinitive

 
Some common verbs that are followed by to infinitive are: decide, forget, help, hope, learn, need, offer, plan, promise, remember, seem, try, want, would like, would love, would hate, would prefer, etc.
 

Negative form of to + infinitive

 
The negative form of to + infinitive is not to + infinitive.

  • She decided not to enter the competition.