Exercise 3

Combine the sentences using the relative pronouns who, which, that, where.

 
EXAMPLE: These are the friends. I met them in Denmark. ⇒ These are the friends who I met in Denmark.

1That's the neighbour. He helped me when I moved in. ⇒ That's the neighbour .

2What's the name of the film? You watched this film yesterday. ⇒ What's the name of the film ?

3He drives a car. The car is very expensive. ⇒ The car is very expensive.

4Sue wasn't at the bar. She always goes to that bar. ⇒ Sue wasn't at the bar .

5A car was stolen. The car was a Mercedes. ⇒ The car .

6The octopus is the only animal. It has three hearts. The octopus .

7That's the shop. I bought my TV in that shop. ⇒ That's the shop .

8The man finished the marathon first. He trains three hours a day. ⇒ The man trains three hours a day.

9This is the school. I studied in this school. ⇒ This is the school .

10That's the remote. It is broken. That's the remote .


 

 

Defining relative clauses

 
We use defining relative clauses to specify which person, thing or place we are talking about.
 
Defining relative clauses

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who, which, where

 
We use who for people.

  • He met the police officer who saved his life.

We use which for things and animals.

  • He put on the suit which he wore for special occasions.

We use where for places.

  • This is the hotel where we spent our honeymoon.

 

that

 
We can use that instead of who or which. But we often use who for people and which/that for things.

  • He’s the neighbour who/that helped us to move out.
  • Change the cable which/that connects the computer to the printer.

 

Be careful with these common mistakes!

 
We cannot use *what or an expression like *that he/she etc. in this type of relative clauses.

  • That’s the student that/who I told you about. (NOT the student what I told you about)
  • That’s the man that/who tried to steal my wallet. (NOT the man that he tried to steal my wallet.)