Exercise 3

Complete the sentences using the affirmative, negative or interrogative forms of there + be in present or past.

1 When I was young, a very good player in my team.

2 any good films on TV today.

3 Everything was perfect. any problems.

4 many people at the cinema last night?

5 Do you want to eat out? a new restaurant in the center.

6 Why two boxes on the sofa? Can you take them away, please?

7 Ten years ago, more shops; now many people buy online.

8 I'm very hungry. any food left?

9 Why a Civil War in the USA in 1861?

10 We need to go shooping; any food in the fridge.


 

 

there is, there are – use

 
We use there is, there are to say that something exists.

  • There is a lot of noise. 

 

Where something is

 
We often use there is, there are to say where something is.

  • There is a good restaurant at the end of the street. 
  • There are some keys in that box. 

 

When something happens

 
We can also use  there is, there are to say when something happens.

  • There is a concert tonight.
  • There are a lot of storms in summer.

 

a, some, any

 
We often use  there is, there are + a, some, any.
 
there is, there are + a, some, any

Download full-size image from Pinterest

 

there is + singular / there are + plural

 
We use there is + singular noun, and there are + plural noun.

  • There is a new teacher in the school. 
  • There are some problems that we need to solve.

We use there is + a list of things if the first noun after there is is singular.

  • In the room, there is a bed, a wardrobe and two chairs. 

 

there is, there are – form

 
there is, there are – there was, there were

Download full-size image from Pinterest

 

Present and past

 
The past form of there is, there are is there was, there were.

  • There is a car in the street. ⇒  There was a car in the street.
  • There are some cars in the street. ⇒  There were some cars in the street.

 

Short forms

 
The short form of there is is there’s, but we don’t use a short form of there are. There’s is not used in short answers.

  • There’s a new secretary in the office.
  • There are two bathrooms in this house.  

There are no short forms for there was/there were.

In negative sentences, we often use the short forms there isn’t/there aren’t and there wasn’t/weren’t.

  • There isn’t any bread left. We need to buy more.
  • There aren’t any cookies in the jar.