Exercise 2

Write questions and short answers in present continuous with the words in brackets. Use SHORT FORMS when possible.

1 A: (you/cry)? B: No, I .

2 A: (your father/recover) well after the operation? B: Yes, he .

3 A: (they/try) to find a solution? B: Yes, they .

4 A: (the baby/sleep)? B: No, she .

5 A: (we/do) the right thing? B: Yes, we .

6 A: (he/study) for his exams? B: No, he .

7 A: (you eat) my pizza? B: Yes, I .

8 A: (you/pay) by credit card? B: No, I .

9 A: (they/win) the match? B: Yes, they .

10 A: (Tom/run) in the race? B: No, he . He's here with me.


 

 

Present continuous – form

 
present continuous form

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We form the present continuous with am/is/are + the -ing form of the verb.

  • I am writing a book.
  • She is listening to the radio. 
  • They are doing their homework. 

The short forms of am/is/are are ‘m/’s/’re.

  • I‘m writing a book.
  • She‘s listening to the radio. 
  • They‘re doing their homework. 

The negative short forms of am not/is not/are not are ‘m not/isn’t/aren’t.

  • I‘m not writing a book.
  • She isn’t listening to the radio. 
  • They aren’t doing their homework. 

Note that we can use short forms only in negative short answers, but not in positive short answers.

  • ‘Are you writing a book?’ ‘No, I’m not/I am not.’
  • ‘Are you writing a book?’ ‘Yes, I am.’ (NOT Yes, I’m.)

 

Actions happening now

 
We use the present continuous for things happening now, at the moment of speaking.

  • ‘What are you doing?’ ‘I‘m watching TV.’

 

Actions happening around now

 
We use the present continuous for temporary things that are happening around now (=not at the moment of speaking but these days, or weeks, etc.)

  • I‘m reading a very good book at the moment. (=I’m not reading it at the moment I’m speaking, but I’m reading it these days.)

 

now, these days, at the moment, etc.

 
We use the present continuous with time expressions that mean ‘now’ or ‘around now’: now, at the moment, at present, today, these days, this week, etc.