Exercise 3

Write a/an before the singular words and write the plural forms.

EXAMPLE: An olive ⇒ olives

1 bus ⇒

2 nice family ⇒ nice

3 Italian child ⇒ Italian

4 strong tooth ⇒ strong

5 nice dress ⇒ nice

6 angry wife ⇒ angry

7 uniform ⇒

8 amazing website ⇒ amazing

9 elephant ⇒

10 empty library ⇒ empty



a/an, plurals – grammar chart

a/an, plurals – singular and plural forms

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We use a/an with singular nouns.

  • This is a table
  • It’s an orange

We use a with nouns beginning with a consonant, and we use an with nouns beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

  • Give me an apple. 
  • There is an elephant in the zoo. 
  • It’s an amazing experience. 

We also use an with nouns beginning with h if the is not pronounced. But we use a if the is pronounced.

  • Give me an hour. (The is not pronounced in hour.)
  • I want to buy a hat. (The is pronounced in hat.)

We use a and NOT an with nouns beginning with when it is pronounced /ju:/, like university. 

  • Is there a university in this city? 
  • I wear a uniform. 


Plurals in English


a tables

We do NOT use a/an with plural nouns.

  • These are tables. (NOT a tables)


Regular plurals

We add -s to make plural nouns in English. Sometimes we need to add -es, -ies or –ves. Check the spelling in the grammar chart above.

Irregular plurals

Some words have irregular plurals and do NOT add -s to make their plural form.