Grammar » A1 Grammar lessons and exercises » A/an, plurals – singular and plural forms
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  • A/an, plurals – singular and plural forms

    Exercise 1

    Choose a/an for the following words.

    1 It's animal.

    2 I need new bed.

    3 It's useful machine.

    4 I'm waiter.

    5 Do you have umbrella?

    6 I'm English teacher.

    7 I need hat.

    8 Is she student?

    9 We have ugly duck.

    10 I need hour.


  • A/an, plurals – grammar chart

    a/an, plurals – singular and plural forms

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    We use a/an with singular nouns.

    • This is a table
    • It’s an orange

    We use a with nouns beginning with a consonant, and we use an with nouns beginning with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

    • Give me an apple. 
    • There is an elephant in the zoo. 
    • It’s an amazing experience. 

    We also use an with nouns beginning with h if the is not pronounced. But we use a if the is pronounced.

    • Give me an hour. (The is not pronounced in hour.)
    • I want to buy a hat. (The is pronounced in hat.)

    We use a and NOT an with nouns beginning with when it is pronounced /ju:/, like university. 

    • Is there a university in this city? 
    • I wear a uniform. 

    Plurals in English

    A tables

    We do NOT use a/an with plural nouns.

    • These are tables. (NOT a tables)

    Regular plurals

    We add -s to make plural nouns in English. Sometimes we need to add -es, -ies or –ves. Check the spelling in the grammar chart above.

    Irregular plurals

    Some words have irregular plurals and do NOT add -s to make their plural form.

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