Exercise 2

Choose the correct verb tenses to complete the dialogue below.

JOHN: Hi, Leslie! How are you?

LESLIE: Oh, John! It’s nice to see you again. The last time I saw you, you 1 your PhD.

JOHN: Yes, I was very stressed out. It’s been a long time. 2 in East London with your parents?

LESLIE: No, I 3 to the West End a long time ago. I 4 a Master’s degree in Marketing last year and now I’m working for an advertising company in Soho.

JOHN: That’s great! 5 it?

LESLIE: Well, the money isn’t bad, and it’s a part-time job, so I 6 time for judo.

JOHN: Oh my god! You still do judo? How long 7 a judoka?

LESLIE: Since I was 5.

JOHN: 8 any competitions?

LESLIE: Well, I 9 a couple of trophies. And next summer I 10 (represent) England in the European Judo Championships.

JOHN: Wow! That’s great!

LESLIE: What about you? What 11 these days?

JOHN: Not much, really. I 12 a postgraduate course a few weeks ago and now I 13 for a job. I 14 to more than twenty jobs so far, but without any luck.

LESLIE: Don’t worry; I’m sure you 15 a job soon.

JOHN: Well, I’m not worried any more. Yesterday, I 16 an application form when I had a brilliant idea.

LESLIE: What is it?

JOHN: I’ve decided that I 17 my own business.

LESLIE: That’d be great!

JOHN: Anyway, what 18 this evening? I 19 Mark at 7 for a beer, and I’m sure he’d love to see you.

LESLIE: Great! I 20 a drink with you.


 

 

Review of all verb tenses A2 – summary table

 
Revision verb tenses A2
 

Present tenses

 

Present simple

 
1 Habits or situations that happen regularly.

  • I wash my hair every day.
  • I never go to the library.
  • She‘s always late.

2 Permanent situations, or things that are always or usually true.

  • I don’t drink coffee.
  • She‘s very tall.
  • I have two brothers.

 

Present continuous

 
1 Actions in progress, happening now or ‘around now’.

  • I can’t talk now. I‘m brushing my teeth.
  • I finished your book and I‘m reading a new one now.

2 Temporary actions.

  • My car’s in the garage. I‘m taking the bus this week.
  • I‘m not training because I have an injury.

3 Future arrangements.

  • I‘m meeting Sally at 7.
  • We are leaving early tomorrow.

 

Present perfect

 
1 Recent events –we don’t say when. (Common with already, yet, just, recently, today, this week, etc.)

  • She‘s had an accident.
  • Have you finished yet?
  • He‘s changed jobs recently.
  • Have you seen Peter today?

2 Past experiences –we don’t say when. (Common with never, ever, before, superlative + ever, number of times until now.)

  • We‘ve been to Italy.
  • Have you ever eaten insects?
  • This is the best food I‘ve ever eaten.
  • I‘ve read this book three times.

3 Unfinished situations from past until now. (Common with how long, for, since, all + time, lately.)

  • How long have you been here?
  • We have been married for 20 years.
  • I‘ve liked chocolate all my life.
  • I‘ve been very busy lately.

 

Past tenses

 

Past simple

 
1 Actions completed in the past.

  • I saw Jimmy yesterday.
  • She moved to Chester two years ago.

2 Actions in chronological order in a story.

  • When I arrived home, I took off my shoes and turned on the TV.

3 Past habits or situations that were true in the past.

  • We often played in the park after school.
  • He lived with his grandparents when he was a child.

 

Past continuous

 
1 Actions in progress at a certain time in the past.

  • What were you doing yesterday at 7?
  • When he arrived, I was sleeping.
  • They were arguing when I last saw them.

2 At the beginning of a story to describe the scene.

  • It was getting dark and I was walking to the pub when suddenly …

 

Future tenses

 

will + infinitive

 
1 Decisions that we take at the moment of speaking.

  • “We don’t have sugar.” “Don’t worry, I‘ll buy some.”
  • I‘ll have a burger and chips, please.

2 Predictions about what we think will happen.

  • I think he‘ll win the election.
  • You will be a good doctor.

3 Offers (I will or Shall I/Shall we…?).

  • I‘ll carry that bag for you.
  • Shall I help you with those bags?

4 Promises.

  • I will always love you.
  • Don’t worry. I will pay you back next week.

 

be going to + infinitive

 
1 Intentions or plans.

  • Please, pass me the remote. I‘m going to watch TV.
  • This summer I‘m going to look for a job.

2 Predictions about what we see is going to happen (present evidence).

  • Slow down! We‘re going to have an accident.
  • The doctor said I‘m going to have a girl.

 

Present continuous

 
See present continuous uses above.