Grammar » A2 Grammar lessons and exercises » Past perfect
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • Past perfect

    Exercise 1

    Read the order in which the events happened and then choose between the past simple or past perfect forms to complete the sentences.

    1First, I wrote a letter. Second, I showed him the letter. ⇒ I showed him a letter that I .

    2First, I wrote a letter. Second, I showed him the letter. ⇒ I wrote a letter and a few days later I it to him.

    3First, I looked through the window. Second, it started raining. ⇒ When I looked through the window, it raining.

    4First, it rained. Second, I looked through the window. ⇒ When I looked through the window, it .

    5First I had dinner. Second, you called. ⇒ When you called, I dinner.

    6First you called. Second, I had dinner. ⇒ When you called, I dinner.

    7First, she bought a T-shirt in the sales. Second, she gave it to me. ⇒ She bought a T-shirt in the sales and it to me as a birthday present.

    8First, she bought a T-shirt in the sales. Second, she gave it to me. ⇒ She gave me a T-shirt that she in the sales.

    9First, the teacher arrived. Second, I finished my composition. ⇒ When the teacher arrived, I my composition.

    10First, I finished the composition. Second, the teacher arrived. ⇒ When the teacher arrived, I my composition.


     

  • Past perfect form and use – Grammar chart

    Past perfect form and use

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

     

    Past perfect form

    We make the past perfect with had/hadn’t + past participle-ed for regular verbs and the 3rd column form for irregular verbs.

    • I hadn’t been there before.
    • She had never worked.

    The past perfect is the same for all persons.

    • I/you/he/she/it/we/they had left when I arrived

    We can contract had to ‘d.

    • I called him, but he’d gone to a meeting. 

     

    Past perfect use

    We use the past perfect when we are talking about the past and then we want to talk about something that happened earlier in the past.

    • When I got out of work I saw that somebody had stolen my car. 
    • Yesterday my mother told me that she had seen you in the park.

     

    Past perfect or past simple?

    We use the past simple to describe a series of past event in chronological order, and we use the past perfect to make clear that one of the events happened before. Compare these two sentences:

    • When I arrived, she left. (=She left after I arrived.)
    • When I arrived, she had left. (She left before I arrived)

     

    Be careful with this common mistake!

    The contraction ‘d can be had or would. Remember that we use an infinitive form after would and a past participle after had.

    • I‘d love to go to your party. (= would)
    • I noticed that he‘d eaten my cake. (= had)
  • We are working on this!

    We are currently working on a NEW LEARNING PLATFORM that will offer you a SUBSCRIPTION plan with extra features at a very affordable price. Pdf downloads will be one of those extra features.

    Learn more!