Explanations » A2 Grammar Explanations » Review of all pre-intermediate verb tenses (CEFR A2)

Review of all pre-intermediate verb tenses (CEFR A2)– Summary table

Revision verb tenses A2

Present tenses

Present simple

1 Habits or situations that happen regularly.

  • I wash my hair every day.
  • I never go to the library.
  • She‘s always late.

2 Permanent situations, or things that are always or usually true.

  • I don’t drink coffee.
  • She‘s very tall.
  • I have two brothers.

Present continuous

1 Actions in progress, happening now or ‘around now’.

  • I can’t talk now. I‘m brushing my teeth.
  • I finished your book and I‘m reading a new one now.

2 Temporary actions.

  • My car’s in the garage. I‘m taking the bus this week.
  • I‘m not training because I have an injury.

3 Future arrangements.

  • I‘m meeting Sally at 7.
  • We are leaving early tomorrow.

Present perfect

1 Recent events –we don’t say when. (Common with already, yet, just, recently, today, this week, etc.)

  • She‘s had an accident.
  • Have you finished yet?
  • He‘s changed jobs recently.
  • Have you seen Peter today?

2 Past experiences –we don’t say when. (Common with never, ever, before, superlative + ever, number of times until now.)

  • We‘ve been to Italy.
  • Have you ever eaten insects?
  • This is the best food I‘ve ever eaten.
  • I‘ve read this book three times.

3 Unfinished situations from past until now. (Common with how long, for, since, all + time, lately.)

  • How long have you been here?
  • We have been married for 20 years.
  • I‘ve liked chocolate all my life.
  • I‘ve been very busy lately.


Past tenses

Past simple

1 Actions completed in the past.

  • I saw Jimmy yesterday.
  • She moved to Chester two years ago.

2 Actions in chronological order in a story.

  • When I arrived home, I took off my shoes and turned on the TV.

3 Past habits or situations that were true in the past.

  • We often played in the park after school.
  • He lived with his grandparents when he was a child.

Past continuous

1 Actions in progress at a certain time in the past.

  • What were you doing yesterday at 7?
  • When he arrived, I was sleeping.
  • They were arguing when I last saw them.

2 At the beginning of a story to describe the scene.

  • It was getting dark and I was walking to the pub when suddenly …


Future tenses

Will + infinitive

1 Decisions that we take at the moment of speaking.

  • “We don’t have sugar.” “Don’t worry, I‘ll buy some.”
  • I‘ll have a burger and chips, please.

2 Predictions about what we think will happen.

  • I think he‘ll win the election.
  • You will be a good doctor.

3 Offers (I will or Shall I/Shall we…?).

  • I‘ll carry that bag for you.
  • Shall I help you with those bags?

4 Promises.

  • I will always love you.
  • Don’t worry. I will pay you back next week.

Be going to + infinitive

1 Intentions or plans.

  • Please, pass me the remote. I‘m going to watch TV.
  • This summer I‘m going to look for a job.

2 Predictions about what we see is going to happen (present evidence).

  • Slow down! We‘re going to have an accident.
  • The doctor said I‘m going to have a girl.

Present continuous

See present continuous uses above.