Explanations » A1 Grammar Explanations » ‘Will’ and ‘shall’ – Future
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  • Will – Form

    Grammar chart displaying the structure of the future tense using 'will' in positive, negative, question, and short answer forms with all subject pronouns.

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    Will is an auxiliary verb. This means that:

    • We use will + infinitive: I‘ll be (or will be) at home next Saturday. 
    • Will has a negative form: I won’t be (or will not be) at home next Saturday. 
    • We put will before the subject in questions: Will you be at home next Saturday?
    • We use will in short answers: Yes, I will. / No, I won’t (or No, I will not).

    Will – Use

    We use will to talk about things that we think will happen in the future.

    • He will love your new coat. 
    • They won’t win this match. 

    Note that it’s common to use will with the expressions I think, I don’t think, I hope, etc., or also with I’m sure, I’m not sure, perhaps, etc.

    • I hope they will arrive soon. 
    • I don’t think they‘ll win.
    • I’m sure you‘ll be fine. 
    • Perhaps I‘ll be late. 

    We use will for promises or refusals.

    • I will lend her the money.
    • I won’t help you. 

    We use will when we make decisions at the moment of speaking (instant decisions).

    • A: There’s no milk in the fridge. B: I’ll go to the shop to buy some more. 
    • A: This box is very heavy. B: Don’t worry. I’ll help you. 

    Shall I…? Shall we…?

    We use Shall I…? or I’ll when we offer to do things for other people.

    • Shall I make some coffee? (=Do you want me to make coffee?)
    • I‘ll make some coffee.

    We use Shall we…? to suggest doing something.

    • Shall we go to the cinema? (=Do you want to go to the cinema?)