B1+ Reading Test
Read the text about extreme weather and choose the correct missing sentence for each gap. There is ONE EXTRA SENTENCE that you don’t need to use.
The summer of 2022 has seen record-breaking heatwaves in countries as widespread as India, the UK, Brazil and Australia. The high temperatures have resulted in many serious problems. Wildfires have destroyed vast areas of vegetation across Europe and sometimes houses or entire towns. 1 _ First, scorching temperatures draw moisture from the ground, resulting in tinder-dry conditions. Then, lightning from storms, which also increase in hot weather, may supply the spark that sets the vegetation alight.
Meanwhile, in China, the heatwave resulted in power cuts. 2 _ The drought has affected crop production everywhere, which is forecast to be up to fifty per cent lower for some crops in Europe. This will result in food shortages and higher prices.
Increasing temperatures have also increased the incidence of floods, devastating New Zealand and Pakistan this year. 3 _ In Asia, the monsoon rains have become more unpredictable. Dry periods have occurred at critical planting times, while sudden downpours have destroyed homes and drowned out entire crops. Cyclones are also more common.
Human-induced climate change is now accepted as the reason behind these extreme weather events. Emissions caused by the burning of fossil fuels have been trapping heat in the atmosphere since the start of the industrial era. Climate experts say that extreme temperatures are now ten times more likely a result of climate change, and future temperatures may well be higher. 4 _ Whether or not we meet the emissions targets set by the Paris Agreement in 2015 will affect billions of people across the globe.
5 _ However, even in this case, the heat index is forecast to reach dangerous levels ten times more often. When this happens, the effects of heat on the body make it increasingly difficult for humans to maintain a safe body temperature. The conditions will be unprecedented for people working outdoors in countries where it is already as hot as this, such as Sub-Saharan African farmers.
Poorer countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan, experiencing increasingly extreme weather events, are looking to richer countries for more finance. 6 _ With limited means themselves, they are forced to choose between rebuilding or developing ways to cope with future climate crises. Richer countries have promised funding, but developing countries still need to receive it or receive it in the form of loans they cannot repay.
Reading comprehension test
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