Grammar » B1 Grammar lessons and exercises » First and second conditionals
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  • First and second conditionals

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct form of the verbs to make first or second conditional sentences..

    1If you free tonight, we might go out for a drink, or to the cinema.

    2He depressed if he fails the exam.

    3If I didn't know you, I you were crazy.

    4Tell me the truth if you .

    5If you had a bigger salary, you more unnecessary things.

    6If it for Tom, I wouldn't be here.

    7You should call me if you  anything unusual.

    8If they had this player, they a single match.

    9Our lives would be much easier if you closer to home.

    10If I got a job in France, we crêpes every day.


  • First and second conditionals – Grammar chart

    First vs second conditionals - grammar chart

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    First conditional vs second conditional

    We use the first conditional and the second conditional to talk about present or future situations.

    We use the first conditional to talk about possible situations, things that may easily happen. We use the second conditional to talk about unrealistic situations.

    • If I see Sara, I’ll tell her to call you. (=possible)
    • If I won the lottery, I’d buy a new house.  (=unrealistic)

    Sometimes we use either the first or second conditional, and we use one or the other depending on how probable we think the situations are to happen.

    • If I find her, I’ll tell her that I love her. (=I think it’s possible that I find her)
    • If I found her, I’d tell her that I love her. (=I think it’s improbable that I find her)
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