Exercise 3

Transform the sentences into reported speech using one of the reporting verbs from the box in past simple and any other necessary words.

promise      admit      advise       regret      suggest     threaten     agree     apologise      deny     refuse     remind

 
EXAMPLE: “OK, I’ll be home early.” ⇒ John agreed to be home early.

1“I will help you, I promise.”

John me.

2“Shall we go to the concert?”

Elvira  to the concert.

3"I didn't break the window"

George the window.

4“I wish I hadn’t got married”

Sam married.

5“I’ll kill you!"

A gangster me.

6“You should go to the doctor.”

She to the doctor.

7"I won't help you."

He  me.

8“I’m sorry that I was late.”

He late.

9"Jack, remember to set the alarm before you leave."

Peter  the alarm before he left.

10“I broke the window.”

Rachel the window.


 

 

Reporting verbs

 
Reporting verbs are used to report what somebody said, like promise, say, ask, admit, etc. And we normally classify these verbs into different groups depending on the structure they can be found in. In the grammar chart below you can see the most common reporting verbs and how they are used.
 
Reporting verbs

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In the grammar chart below you can see the same verbs with example sentences.
 
Reporting verbs - examples

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The perfect gerund – regret doing vs regret having done

 
We use the perfect gerund to indicate that the action expressed by the verb was completed in the past.

  • I regret being married. (=now)
  • I regret having been married (=in the past)

However, it’s often obvious whether the action in the gerund happened in the past or not. In those cases,  we can use the simple gerund or the perfect gerund with little difference in meaning. With the perfect gerund we emphasise that the action was completed in the past.

  • He admitted stealing the money.
  • He admitted having stolen the money.