Grammar » A2 Grammar lessons and exercises » Second conditional
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • Second conditional

    Exercise 1

    Choose the correct forms to complete the second conditional sentences below. But be careful; there is ONE first conditional sentence, too.

    1 If I more money, I'd travel more.

    2 What would you do if you a lot of money in the street?

    3 A lot of health problems could be prevented if people better.

    4 If I had her number, I her; but I don't have it.

    5 Our kids would be happier if we in the country.

    6 If you lend me the money, I you back before the end of the month.

    7 If it didn't rain, I to work.

    8 I'd get a big tattoo on my back if my parents me to do it.

    9 I wouldn't drink that milk if I you.

    10 You wouldn't have so many accidents if you more carefully.


  • Second conditional – Grammar chart

    Second conditional - grammar chart

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    If clause and main clause

    We use if + past to talk about an imaginary present or future situation (although the verb is in past, the meaning is present or future). And we use wouldinfinitive to talk about the result or consequence of that imaginary situation.

    • If we had a mansion in the country, we’d go there every weekend. 
    • Would you travel around the world if you won the lottery?



    When the if clause comes first, we normally put a comma after it. We don’t use a comma when the main clause comes first and the if clause comes second.

    • If I won the lottery, I’d buy a mansion.
    • I’d buy a mansion if I won the lottery. 



    Would/wouldn’t is the same for all persons.

    • I/you/he/she/it/we/they would/wouldn’t do that if it was possible. 

    Contracted forms are wouldn’t= would not and ‘d= would

    • I‘d never tell anyone if you told me your secret. 
    • I wouldn’t tell anyone if you told me your secret. 



    We can often use could + infinitive instead of wouldinfinitive in the main clause.

    • If you spoke English, you could get a better job.


    Was or were?

    In the second conditional we can use if I/he/she/it were (more formal) instead of if I/he/she/it was (spoken English).

    • If I were/was fit, I would run a marathon.
    • We wouldn’t have any problems if he were/was  more reasonable.

    But we use were (NOT was) when we give advice with the expression if I were you.

    • If I were you, I would stay home and rest.
    • I wouldn’t pay any attention to what he says if I were you.


    First conditional vs second conditional

    First vs second conditionals - grammar chart

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    We use the first conditional to talk about possible future situations and we use the second conditional to talk about hypothetical or imaginary future situations.

    • If I don’t have a meeting tomorrow morning, I’ll have lunch with you. (It’s possible. Maybe I don’t have a meeting.)
    • If I didn’t have a meeting tomorrow morning, I’d have lunch with you. (It’s hypothetical. I have a meeting tomorrow, so I won’t be able to have lunch with you.)
  • We are working on this!

    We're developing a NEW LEARNING PLATFORM with a subscription plan that includes additional features at an affordable price. One of those features will be PDF downloads.

    Learn more!

  • Personalized English Lessons

    Test-English is delighted to announce our partnership with Gymglish to deliver short, personalized and fun online English lessons.

    Learn more!