Exercise 3

Complete the sentences using these words.

much    how much    many    how many    a lot of    a lot    a little    a few    any    no    none

EXAMPLE: How many hours did you work yesterday?

1 He has paintings. It's a really big collection.

2 salt do you put in your food?

3 I normally use makeup, but not much, only some lipstick.

4 It rained last week; it rained every day.

5 They only scored one goal. They didn't have opportunities to score; maybe two or three.

6 Please, I just need 5 minutes of your time. I only have questions.

7 We had problems. It was 100% perfect.

8 We need to be fast; we haven't got time, only 20 minutes.

9 I didn't see people in the room. It was completely empty.

10 'How many cups of coffee did you have?' '. I don't drink coffee.'


 

 

Grammar chart – much, many, a lot of, a little, a few, no, any, none

 
blank

Download full-size image from Pinterest

 

much/many

 

many for countable, much for uncountable in (?) (-)

 
We use much/many in negative sentences and questions. We use many before plural countable nouns and much before uncountable nouns. We don’t normally use them in affirmative sentences.

  • There isn’t much coffee in the jar.
  • Were there many people at the party?

 

how much/how many

 
We use how many + plural nouns and how much + uncountable nouns to ask about quantity. You can review countable and uncountable nouns here.

  • How many books did you read last semester?
  • How much coffee do you drink every day?

We can also say How much is it? to ask about the price of an item.

  • ‘How much is it?’ ‘It’s 43 pounds.’
  • ‘How much are the trousers?’ ‘They’re 58 pounds.’

 

a lot (of)

 

Before both countable and uncountable

 
We use a lot of before both plural countable and uncountable nouns to talk about big quantity. We normally use a lot of in positive sentences.

  • She spends a lot of time watching TV.
  • We had lots of good moments together.

We can say quite a lot of to talk about medium quantity.

  • With my new job, I have quite a lot of free time

It is also possible to use a lot of in negative sentences and questions.

  • Do you eat a lot of sugar?
  • I don’t read a lot of books.

 

of before noun; of at the end of sentence

 
We must always use a lot of including of before a noun. However, we can use a lot (without of) at the end of a sentence or in short answers.

  • ‘How many beers did you have?’ ‘I don’t know; I had a lot.’
  • I like her a lot.
  • ‘How much coffee did you have?’ ‘A lot.’

 

a few/a little

 

a few for countable; a little for uncountable

 
We use a few before plural countable nouns and a little before uncountable nouns in affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences to talk about small quantity.

  • I have to do a few things this afternoon.
  • I always put a little milk in my tea.

 

not many, not much

 
We can also use not many + plural countable or not muchuncountable nouns. The meaning is similar.

  • I don’t have to do many things this afternoon.
  • I don’t put much milk in my tea.

 

no/not…any/none

 
When we want to talk about zero quantity, we can use no + noun or not…any + noun. The meaning is the same.

  • I have no time today.
  • I don’t have any time today.

In short answers we use none.

  • ‘How much time do you have?’ ‘None.’