Explanations » B1+ Grammar Explanations » So, such, so much, so many
Exercises Explanation Downloads
  • So, such, so much, so many – Grammar chart

    So, such, so much, so many

    Download full-size image from Pinterest

    So, such

    So + adjective or adverb + (that) …

    We use so + adjective or adverb.

    • Why don’t you try to understand? You are so stubborn!
    • You’re getting on my nerves. Why do you drive so slowly?

    We often use so + adjective or adverb + (that)

    • He is so good (that) he gets bored when he plays against me.  
    • John drives so slowly (that) other drivers get impatient around him. 

    Such a + (adjective) + noun + (that) …

    We use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun

    • I love her. She is such a brilliant actress.
    • It was such a party! We had a lot of fun. 

    We often use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun + (that) …

    • It had been such a terrible day (that) I just wanted to go to bed. 
    • He is such a liar (that) nobody trusts him any more. 

    Such + (adjective) + noun + (that) …

    We use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun

    • The trip was a disaster. We had such terrible weather!
    • Everybody loves being with Tom. He tells such funny stories!

    We often use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun + (that) …

    • We had such terrible weather (that) we decided to go back home. 
    • She said such nice things (that) we were all moved. 

    So and such: meaning

    We can use so and such to make the meaning of an adjective, adverb or noun stronger (=very/really).

    • Why did you do it? You are so stupid!
    • He was such a terrible father that now his kids don’t want to be around him. 

    We can also use so and such to mean ‘like this’.

    • Sorry I didn’t call. I didn’t know it was so important for you. (=important like this).
    • I don’t understand how you could make such a terrible mistake. (= a mistake like this)

    So much, so many

    So much + uncountable noun + (that) …

    We use so much + an uncountable noun.

    • Did you see her house? I didn’t know she had so much money. 
    • I wish you wouldn’t spend so much time on the phone.

    We often use so much + uncountable noun + (that)

    • She always cooks so much food (that) we have to throw half of it away. 
    • There is so much furniture (that) it’s difficult to walk around the house. 

    So many + plural noun + (that) …

    We use so many + a plural noun.

    • He couldn’t even walk among so many fans.  
    • You don’t need to repeat everything so many times. 

    We often use so many + plural noun + (that)

    • There were so many people at the concert (that) we didn’t really enjoy it. 
    • She had so many problems (that) she just didn’t know what to do.