So, such, so much, so many – Grammar chart
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So + adjective or adverb + (that) …
We use so + adjective or adverb.
- Why don’t you try to understand. You are so stubborn!
- You’re getting on my nerves. Why do you drive so slowly?
We often use so + adjective or adverb + (that) …
- He is so good (that) he gets bored when he plays against me.
- John drives so slowly (that) other drivers get impatient around him.
Such a + (adjective) + noun + (that) …
We use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun
- I love her. She is such a brilliant actress.
- It was such a party! We had a lot of fun.
We often use such a + (adjective) + countable singular noun + (that) …
- It had been such a terrible day (that) I just wanted to go to bed.
- He is such a liar (that) nobody trusts him any more.
Such + (adjective) + noun + (that) …
We use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun
- The trip was a disaster. We had such terrible weather!
- Everybody loves being with Tom. He tells such funny stories!
We often use such + (adjective) + uncountable noun or plural noun + (that) …
- We had such terrible weather (that) we decided to go back home.
- She said such nice things (that) we were all moved.
So and such: meaning
We can use so and such to make the meaning of an adjective, adverb or noun stronger (=very/really).
- Why did you do it? You are so stupid!
- He was such a terrible father that now his kids don’t want to be around him.
We can also use so and such to mean ‘like this’.
- Sorry I didn’t call. I didn’t know it was so important for you. (=important like this).
- I don’t understand how you could make such a terrible mistake. (= a mistake like this)
So much, so many
So much + uncountable noun + (that) …
We use so much + uncountable noun.
- Did you see her house? I didn’t know she had so much money.
- I wish you wouldn’t spend so much time on the phone.
We often use so much + uncountable noun + (that) …
- She always cooks so much food (that) we have to throw half of it away.
- There is so much furniture (that) it’s difficult to walk around the house.
So many + plural noun + (that) …
We use so many + plural noun.
- He couldn’t even walk among so many fans.
- You don’t need to repeat everything so many times.
We often use so many + plural noun + (that) …
- There were so many people at the concert (that) we didn’t really enjoy it.
- She had so many problems (that) she just didn’t know what to do.