too, too much, too many, enough – grammar chart
Before an adjective/adverb
We use too before an adjective or an adverb to mean ‘more than we need’ or ‘more than is necessary’.
- You are too young to enter this club.
- We arrived too late.
Before an uncountable noun
We can use too much before uncountable nouns to mean ‘more than we need’ or ‘more than is necessary’.
- The doctor said that I drink too much coffee.
- I hate this city. There’s too much traffic.
After a verb
We can also use too much after a verb.
- You can’t take the car. You’ve drunk too much.
- He talks too much.
Before a plural noun
We use too many before plural nouns to mean ‘more than we need’ or ‘more than is necessary’.
- I didn’t enjoy the concert. There were too many people.
- They lost because they made too many mistakes.
Before a noun
We can use enough + noun to say that something is the correct number or amount.
- I have saved enough money to go to Rome on holiday.
- Do you have enough butter to cook?
In negative sentences we use (not) enough + noun to say that something is less than we want or we need.
- We don’t have enough money to travel.
- I don’t have enough time to finish my homework before Monday.
After an adjective/adverb
We can use adjective/adverb + enough to mean ‘sufficiently’.
- This bed is big enough for the four of us.
- I think she spoke clearly enough. Everybody understood what she meant.
In negative sentences we can use (not) adjective/adverb + enough to mean ‘less than we want’ or ‘less than necessary’.
- You aren’t old enough to enter this club.
- You aren’t going fast enough. We are going to be late.
After a verb
We can also use verb + enough.
- I didn’t study enough and I failed the exam.
- I think you don’t sleep enough. You should sleep seven or eight hours a day.
too, too much, too many, enough + to + infinitive
In English we often use to-infinitive with the expressions too, too much, too many, enough.
- I was too tired to go clubbing.
- She makes enough money to sustain all her family.
Be careful with these common mistakes!
Don’t use an adjective after too much
- I’m too tired to study now. (NOT:
I’m too much tired.)
Don’t confuse the word too (=more than enough) with the word very.
- I think she is very beautiful. (NOT:
I think she is too beautiful.)