Explanations » A2 Grammar Explanations » Subject and object pronouns, possessive pronouns and adjectives

Personal pronouns and possessive adjectives – Grammar chart

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Subject pronouns

Before the verb

We use subject pronouns as the subject of the verb (before the verb).

  • I like your dress.
  • You are late.
  • He is my friend.
  • It is raining.
  • She is on holiday.
  • We live in England.
  • They come from London.

Object pronouns

After the verb

We use object pronouns as the object of the verb (after the verb).

  • Can you help me, please?
  • I can see you.
  • She doesn’t like him.
  • I saw her in town today.
  • We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

After a preposition

We use object pronouns after prepositions.

  • She is waiting for me.
  • I’ll get it for you.
  • Give it to him.
  • Why are you looking at her?
  • Don’t take it from us.
  • I’ll speak to them

Possessive adjectives

Before a noun

We use possessive adjectives before a noun because they modify a noun.

  • My dog is big.
  • Her cat is brown.
  • Their sister works downtown.

Possessive pronouns

Without a noun

possessive pronoun is NOT followed by a noun.

  • The dog is mine.
  • The brown cat is hers.
  • The car is ours.


We use whose to ask about possession.

  • Whose car is that?
  • Whose is that car?