Explanations » A2 Grammar Explanations » Something, anything, nothing, etc.

Something, anything, nothing, etc. – Grammar chart

Grammar chart displaying the use of indefinite pronouns something, anything, nobody, etc., in various sentence structures for A2 pre-intermediate English learners.

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Some- in affirmative sentences

We usually use something, somebody/someone, somewhere in affirmative sentences.

  • Look! There’s something under that chair.
  • Somebody called you yesterday.

Any- in negative and interrogative sentences

We use anything, anybody/anyone, anywhere in negative sentences and questions.

  • There isn’t anybody in the house.
  • Is there anybody here?

But we often use something, somebody/someone, somewhere in requests and in offers, i.e. when we ask for something or offer something to someone.

  • Can somebody help me?
  • Would you like something to eat?

No- with affirmative verbs

We use nobody/no one, nothing, nowhere in sentences with an affirmative verb.

  • The sun was in my eyes, and I couldn’t see nobody. blank
  • The sun was in my eyes, and I could see nobody. blank
  • ‘Where have you been?’ ‘Nowhere.’

Every- means ‘all’

We use everybody/everyone, everything, everywhere when we mean ‘all the people’, ‘all the things’ or ‘(in) all the places’.

  • Everybody in my class has passed the exam.’
  • ‘From the top of the mountain, we could see everything.’
  • ‘There were insects everywhere.’

Singular verbs

We use singular verbs with all these words.

  • Everything is expensive nowadays.
  • Everyone was tired.
  • Has anyone seen my glasses?

Something, anyone, nowhere, etc. + adjective

We can use an adjective (nice, wrong, etc.) after somethinganything, etc.

  • Can’t we go somewhere quiet?
  • I didn’t do anything wrong.

Something, anyone, nowhere, etc.to infinitive

We can use to + infinitive after somethinganything, etc.

  • We didn’t have anywhere to go
  • I need something to do.  I’m bored.