Towns and cities
In this pre-intermediate vocabulary lesson about Towns and Cities, you will learn essential adjectives used to describe towns or cities and different nouns for common places you can find in them. The pictures, descriptions, and examples below will help you understand and remember the terms.
Common buildings and places
1 A park is an area with trees and grass that is open to the public.
2 A library is a place that is open to the public where you can go and borrow books.
3 A museum is a building where historical objects are exhibited.
4 A market is an open place or building with different stands that sell vegetables, meat, fish, food, and other things.
5 A shopping centre is a large building or area with many different shops, restaurants, etc.
6 A post office is a building where you can buy stamps and send letters.
7 A town hall is a building that is used by the local government.
8 A church is a religious building where Christians go to pray.
9 A mosque is a religious building where Muslims go to pray.
10 A castle is a large building with high walls used to protect people from attack.
11 A statue is an image of a person or animal that is made of stone or other materials.
12 A tourist attraction is something like a monument, famous building, or museum that tourists like to see when they visit a town or city.
13 A suburb is a residential area on the edge of a city.
14 A factory is a large building or group of buildings where machines are used to make goods, e.g., cars, toys, boxes, etc.
15 A car park is an area where people can leave their cars.
16 If something is downtown or going downtown it means that it is in the center or going to to center of a city or town.
- I like to do my shopping downtown.
- I live in the suburbs but I work downtown.
- I have an office in downtown Los Angeles.
1 A city or town that is busy or crowded is full of people and activity.
- The shopping centre is a busy place, especially on a Saturday.
- The centre of London is always crowded.
2 Places that are lively or vibrant have a lot of life and energy.
- Soho is a vibrant area with lots of popular bars.
3 A place that is peaceful or quiet is calm, without much noise.
- The park is a peaceful place where I often go to relax.
4 Places that are modern have a contemporary style or were built in recent times.
- All the buildings in the city are very modern.
5 Historical places were built a long time ago or have a connection with the past.
- The city centre is full of historical buildings.
6 Multicultural or cosmopolitan cities are home to or influenced by many different cultures.
- It’s a multicultural area, home to residents of many different nationalities.
7 Places that are safe don’t have a lot of crime.
- My city is a safe place to live, which is one of the reasons I enjoy living there.
8 A city or town that is dangerous has a lot of crime or other dangers.
- It’s quite a dangerous area, so I would avoid it if you can.
9 Touristy places are not very nice because they are full of tourists and things for tourists to buy or do.
- Our hotel was in a touristy area, minutes away from museums and tourist attractions.
10 A picturesque place is beautiful, like a scene from a picture or postcard.
- It’s a beautiful part of town with lots of picturesque buildings and shops.
11 Industrial areas are for industry, so they have a lot of factories.
- It’s an industrial area, home to many car factories.
12 Residential areas are areas where people live, so they are usually full of houses.
- She’s just bought a house in a quiet residential area.