Explanations » A1 Grammar Explanations » Possessive adjectives and subject pronouns
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  • Possessive adjectives and subject pronouns

    Form

    Grammar chart showing the relationship between subject pronouns and possessive adjectives in English with examples such as 'I/my', 'you/your', and 'he/his'.

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    Use

    I + verb – my + noun

    We use subject pronoun + verb, and we use possessive adjective + noun.

    • These are Susan and Thomas; they are from Ohio. And that’s their house. 
    • I love my friend Sheila. 

    Possessive adjectives are always singular

    Adjectives in English have no plural form. Possessive adjectives are always singular.

    • These are their suitcases. blank
    • These are theirs suitcases. blank

    It/its for things and they/their for people and things

    We use he/his and she/her for people, and we use it/its for things. But in the plural, we use they/their for people and things.

    • The hotel has its own spa. It is a relaxing place. 
    • I like those chairs, they are beautiful. But their legs are too long. 

    It’s for time and weather

    We use it’s (=it is) to talk about the time or the weather.

    • It’s very windy today, but it’s sunny. 
    • ‘What time is it?’ ‘It’s three o’clock.’

    Is it or its?

    Its = possessive adjective. It’s = it is (subject + verb be)

    • Look at that dog. It’s beautiful. I like its hair.