Explanations » A1 Vocabulary Explanations » Countries and nationalities – A1 English Vocabulary
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Countries and nationalities

In this A1 Elementary Vocabulary Lesson, you will learn the names of 20 common countries in English, the adjectives used to talk about the people from each country and the language spoken in each country. Check the table below and read the example sentences.

Infographic displaying a list of countries with their corresponding nationalities and languages

Example sentences

Something or someone from Australia is called Australian, and the people in this country speak English.

Something or someone from Brazil is called Brazilian, and the people in this country speak Portuguese.

Something or someone from Canada is called Canadian, and the people in this country speak English and French.

Something or someone from China is called Chinese, and the people in this country speak Chinese.

Something or someone from Egypt is called Egyptian, and the people in this country speak Arabic.

Something or someone from France is called French, and the people in this country speak French.

Something or someone from Germany is called German, and the people in this country speak German.

Something or someone from Greece is called Greek, and the people in this country speak Greek.

Something or someone from India is called Indian, and the people in this country speak Hindi among other languages.

Something or someone from Ireland is called Irish, and the people in this country speak English.

Something or someone from Italy is called Italian, and the people in this country speak Italian.

Something or someone from Japan is called Japanese, and the people in this country speak Japanese.

Something or someone from Mexico is called Mexican, and the people in this country speak Spanish.

Something or someone from Nigeria is called Nigerian, and the people in this country speak English among other languages.

Something or someone from Russia is called Russian, and the people in this country speak Russian.

Something or someone from South Korea is called South Korean, and the people in this country speak Korean.

Something or someone from Spain is called Spanish, and the people in this country speak Spanish.

Something or someone from Sweden is called Swedish, and the people in this country speak Swedish.

Something or someone from the United Kingdom is called British, and the people in this country speak English.

Something or someone from the United States is called American, and the people in this country speak English.

Capitalize

In English, the names of countries, nationalities and languages are capitalized. This means that the first letter is a capital letter.

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